Turmeric is known and used for at least 4300 years, as medicine and as a spice. The scientific name is Curcuma longa, and belongs to the Zingiberaceae family. Zingiberaceae are perennial plants, with rhizomes. They grow mainly in tropical regions. The turmeric plant is characterized by long leaves oval, while the flowers are collected in spikes. Its name comes from the Persian – Indian language and precisely from the word Kour Koum, which means saffron, turmeric is in fact known as the Saffron of the Indies. It contains minerals such as: calcium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, selenium, manganese and copper. It contains vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, vitamin C, vitamin E, K and J. Turmeric also contains hundreds of components; However, scholarly attention has focused on one in particular: curcumin. Looking Curcumin on PubMed find more than 13.000 scientific publications.